Signs & Symptoms

It is important to identify whether a child has Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) as early as possible in their development so that they receive the help they need when it will make the most difference.1–3

By being aware of the different signs and symptoms of DMD at different stages of a child’s development, parents and carers are better able to identify when particular milestones fall outside of the usual range, and when to suspect that further help may be needed. The milestones include head control, sitting, walking and talking.2,3 There are certain signs that are very particular to DMD, but they’re not always that easy to spot. The video in this section shows how these look in action rather than words and may help to make identification easier.

By following the developmental checklist in this section as a useful resource, parents and carers can track what a child might be expected to achieve at what age range and spot the warning signs of any delays. It is clear that parents and carers know each child in their care better than anyone, so it is important for them to make an appointment with their family doctor if they have any concerns regarding development.

  1. van Ruiten HJ, et al. Arch Dis Child. 2014;99:1074–1077.
  2. Birnkrant DJ, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17:251–267 [Part 1].
  3. Lurio JG, et al. Am Fam Physician. 2015;91:38–44.
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Duchenne symptoms
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Being aware of developmental milestones is an important consideration for your child’s health. While developmental delay may be nothing to worry about, it can sometimes be a sign of a muscle disorder

Duchenne signs and symptoms: When to suspect Duchenne muscular dystrophy

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Developmental milestone checklist: A tool to support Duchenne recognition

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Video: Watch this to see what Duchenne muscular dystrophy signs and symptoms may look like in day-to-day life

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