About Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

How much do you know about neuromuscular disorders? Do you know what they are and what causes them? Neuromuscular disorders are caused by a range of diseases that affect the muscles and nerves, and most of them are genetic.1 Genetic diseases are either passed down through the family (inherited) or caused by changes in a person’s genes (mutations).1

Muscular dystrophy refers to a group of neuromuscular disorders that cause muscle weakness and muscle loss.2 Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a type of muscular dystrophy that causes muscle weakness that worsens over time.3 The progression and symptoms can vary from person to person.4 The information in this section will help to explain why people with DMD experience muscle weakness and loss, and the signs, symptoms and progression of the disease.

  1. Royal College of Nursing. Neuromuscular disorders. Available at https://www.rcn.org.uk/clinical-topics/neuroscience-nursing/neuromuscular-disorders [last accessed March 2021].
  2. National Institutes of Health. About muscular dystrophy (MD). Available at https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/musculardys/conditioninfo [last accessed March 2021].
  3. National Institutes of Health. What are the types and symptoms of muscular dystrophy (MD)? Available at https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/musculardys/conditioninfo/types [last accessed March 2021].
  4. Birnkrant DJ, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17:251–267.
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Duchenne inheritance: What does it mean to be a carrier of Duchenne?

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