About Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy

How much do you know about neuromuscular disorders? Do you know what they are and what causes them? Neuromuscular disorders are caused by a range of diseases that affect the muscles and nerves, and most of them are genetic.1 Genetic diseases are either passed down through the family (inherited) or caused by changes in a person’s genes (mutations).1

Muscular dystrophy refers to a group of neuromuscular disorders that cause muscle weakness and muscle loss.2 Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is a type of muscular dystrophy that causes muscle weakness that worsens over time.3 The progression and symptoms can vary from person to person.4 The information in this section will help to explain why people with DMD experience muscle weakness and loss, and the signs, symptoms and progression of the disease.

  1. Royal College of Nursing. Neuromuscular disorders. Available at https://www.rcn.org.uk/clinical-topics/neuroscience-nursing/neuromuscular-disorders [last accessed March 2021].
  2. National Institutes of Health. About muscular dystrophy (MD). Available at https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/musculardys/conditioninfo [last accessed March 2021].
  3. National Institutes of Health. What are the types and symptoms of muscular dystrophy (MD)? Available at https://www.nichd.nih.gov/health/topics/musculardys/conditioninfo/types [last accessed March 2021].
  4. Birnkrant DJ, et al. Lancet Neurol. 2018;17:251–267.
Filter by topic
Muscular dystrophy
Neuromuscular disorders
Genetics & inheritance
Duchenne Carriers
did you know icon


Being aware of developmental milestones is an important consideration for your child’s health. While developmental delay may be nothing to worry about, it can sometimes be a sign of a muscle disorder

Understanding Duchenne: Duchenne muscular dystrophy: what you need to know

Learn more

Causes of Duchenne: What causes Duchenne? The importance of dystrophin

Learn more

What is the genetic cause of Duchenne muscular dystrophy?

Learn more

Duchenne inheritance: How is Duchenne passed through families?

Learn more

Duchenne inheritance: What does it mean to be a carrier of Duchenne?

Learn more
Our Use of Cookies

In addition to cookies that are necessary to operate this website, we use optional cookies to provide website functionality and give you the best possible experience. We won't set optional cookies unless you enable them. For more detailed information see our Cookie Statement , which explains among others, how to set your cookie preferences and how to recall your consent.

Cookie Settings

Some cookies are essential, others help us improve your experience by providing insights into how the website is used. Select the cookie types listed below, and then save your preferences. Refer to our Cookie Statement for more information.

Strictly Necessary cookies
Strictly necessary cookies enable core functionality such as security, network management, and accessibility.

I accept the advertising/targeting cookies
Advertising/targeting cookies, which we use to track user activity and sessions so that we can deliver a more personalized service, and (in the case of advertising cookies) which are set by the third parties with whom we execute advertising campaigns and allow us to provide advertisements relevant to you.